Imperfecto de Indicativo

¡Hola a todos!

This week, I’m back with a grammar topic: Spanish tenses. Specifically, we’re talking this week about the Indicative Imperfect past.

Let’s start with the form for the regular verbs:

 

But, how about the irregular verbs? Well, in this chart you can see the first person of the main irregular verbs (but they’re not all!). If you want to get the complete chart, you can have it here together with the other past tenses in Spanish.

 

And, when should we use the Imperfect in Spanish? Well, here’s a small list:

  • Continuous past actions.

Cuando era pequeña, iba a clases de inglés.

  • Past actions whose end is not clear.

Mi hermana estaba enferma.

  • Intentions and courtesy.

Buscaba un traje negro, por favor.

  • Stories and past narrations.

Iba caminando por la calle mientras veía el paisaje.

 

These are the main uses for the Imperfect in Spanish, but eventually you can face other situations, like indirect style or some conditional tenses.

 

I hope that you liked this post and that it’s been clear. All week long you will find some pictures on my Instagram and Facebook profiles to review and practice this, so if you don’t follow me yet, follow me now!

If you have any question about this, don’t hesitate to ask me. Remember that you can study Spanish online with me, you can ask for a 30 minutes free trial lesson, where we will get to know each other and start your Spanish adventure!

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¡Hasta la próxima!

¿Ser o estar?

¡Hola a todos!

I'm back this week with a grammar topic: when do we use "ser" and "estar" in Spanish? I know this is something driving crazy most of Spanish students, so I'll try to clarify the issue a little bit.

To start with, I'll show you a picture with the uses for "ser" and "estar", but to make it easy, you'll see a note in a chart.

As you can see, that note simplifies the use for both verbs in Spanish: we use "ser" for the characteristics regarding to the object or person itself; and we use "estar" to talk about circumstances.

Yes! It's that easy!

But we've not finished...

No, it couldn't be that easy. Did you know there are some adjectives whose meaning may change depending on the verb they go with? I give you another picture where you can see some of the main adjectives suffering this change:

So it's not the same to say Soy listo that Estoy listo.

As I said, there are more adjectives whose meaning change when we use one or the other verb. Do you want to know them? Contact me and I'll help you out!

If you don't follow my Instagram and Facebook profiles, follow me! I post daily contents where you can practise your Spanish, and if you like it, remember that you can study Spanish online with me, you can ask for a 30 minutes free trial lesson, where we will get to know each other and start your Spanish adventure!

¡Hasta la próxima!

Presente de Indicativo (Present Simple)

¡Hola a todos!

I’m going to start a series of Spanish tenses, and of course, the first one will be Presente de Indicativo, equivalent to Present Simple in English.

 

We use this tense for:

  • Actions happening now.

Leo un libro de Arturo Pérez-Reverte.

  • Regular actions.

Tengo clase de español los martes y los jueves.

  • Future actions.

A las siete jugamos un partido de fútbol.

  • Some past actions, mostly when narrating.

Estaba hablando con él y, de repente, suena mi canción preferida.

 

About the form, there are general rules, but there also are a lot of irregular verbs. We will start with the regular ones.

In Spanish, we divide verbs in three groups: first (-ar), second (-er) and third (-ir) conjugation. Every group has different endings, and every grammatical person must agree with the appropriate form. To do so, we must take the verb radical (verb without -ar, -er or -ir) and add the endings.

Let’s see the three regular conjugations with three example verbs:

Now, we start with the irregular verbs.

Some verbs suffer some changes on the vowels:

Some other verbs, add a “z” or a “y” when conjugating:

Other verbs only change the first person singular, and the rest will be regular:

About the reflexive verbs, you can read this post that I wrote some time ago.

If you liked it, share it.

If you want to know more, send me a message and I’ll give you a 30 minutes free lesson!

¡Hasta la próxima! 😊