Direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish

¡Hola a todos!

Last two weeks I’ve been talking about direct object and indirect object pronouns. This week, I’ll be talking to you about how to substitute both objects with their pronouns in the same sentence.

When we substitute both objects with pronouns, we will use lo, la, los, las for the direct object, but se for the indirect objects (instead of le, les). This change happens in order to avoid the phenomenon known as cacophony: the repetition of similar sounds.

But, how about the order in the sentence? There are some basic rules, but you can find some exceptions I’ll not talk about in order to avoid confusions. Let’s see those main rules:

  • The indirect object pronoun will always go before the direct object pronoun. When they both appear in a sentence, the direct object will go next to the verb, and the indirect object will go after that with the preposition “a”.
  • When they appear after the verb, they will go together. For example, with the Imperative tense:

Pide el teléfono a Juan -> Pídeselo

  • When they appear before the verb, like with a past tense, they will appear separated.

He pedido el teléfono a Juan -> Se lo he pedido

 

The imperative tense may have some alterations, due to phonetic reasons. I’ll list you the most common ones, but remember that you’ll only get this by practicing a lot. 😊

  • If followed by “-os”, “-nos”, the first person plural will lose the final “-s”.

Comamos + nos = Comámonos la fruta

Rogamos + os = Rogámoos (this was very used in old Spanish, so it’s good for you to know it if you have a high level and like reading Spanish books)

  • If followed by “-os”, the second person plural will lose the final “-d”, except for the verb “ir”:

Comed + os = Coméos la fruta

Id + os = Idos

I hope that you liked this post and that it’s been clear. I know this is very theoretic, that’s why you will find all week long some pictures on my Instagram profile to review and practice this, so if you don’t follow me yet, click here and follow me!

If you have any question about this, don’t hesitate to ask me. Remember that you can study Spanish online with me, you can ask for a 30 minutes free trial lesson, where we will get to know each other and start your Spanish adventure!

¡Hasta la próxima! 🙂

Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish

¡Hola a todos!

Last week I was talking about direct objects, and as I told you, this week I’ll keep going with grammar: indirect objects and indirect object pronouns.

Indirect objects refer to the person, animal or thing where ends the action of the main verb. Wait, what? Despacito, profesora. Alright, let’s see it with an example:

Voy a regalar un libro a mi madre.

In this sentence, we have two objects: direct (un libro) and indirect (a mi madre). We could perfectly say Voy a regular un libro, but we would be missing some information. Who are you giving the book to? That’s why we say that the action ends with the indirect object, because it fills the information that we need.

Indirect objects, as well as direct objects, can be substituted by a pronoun: le, les. It doesn’t make the difference between masculine or feminine, only singular and plural. So we could say:

Le voy a regalar un libro.

Usually, these objects can be identified by answering two questions: ¿a quién? or ¿para quién? They will always go after the prepositions a or para, and they can appear with both transitive and intransitive verbs.

Tengo una sorpresa para ti. (Transitive verb).

Me gusta el café. (Intransitive verb, as el café is the subject. Review this verb’s structure here.)

 

I hope that you liked this post and that it’s been clear; next week I’ll talk about how to substitute both direct and indirect objects in the same sentence. You will find all week long some pictures on my Instagram profile to review and practice this, so if you don’t follow me yet, click here and follow me!

If you have any question about this, don’t hesitate to ask me. Remember that you can study Spanish online with me, you can ask for a 30 minutes free trial lesson, where we will get to know each other and start your Spanish adventure!

¡Hasta la próxima!