Direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish

¡Hola a todos!

Last two weeks I’ve been talking about direct object and indirect object pronouns. This week, I’ll be talking to you about how to substitute both objects with their pronouns in the same sentence.

When we substitute both objects with pronouns, we will use lo, la, los, las for the direct object, but se for the indirect objects (instead of le, les). This change happens in order to avoid the phenomenon known as cacophony: the repetition of similar sounds.

But, how about the order in the sentence? There are some basic rules, but you can find some exceptions I’ll not talk about in order to avoid confusions. Let’s see those main rules:

  • The indirect object pronoun will always go before the direct object pronoun. When they both appear in a sentence, the direct object will go next to the verb, and the indirect object will go after that with the preposition “a”.
  • When they appear after the verb, they will go together. For example, with the Imperative tense:

Pide el teléfono a Juan -> Pídeselo

  • When they appear before the verb, like with a past tense, they will appear separated.

He pedido el teléfono a Juan -> Se lo he pedido

 

The imperative tense may have some alterations, due to phonetic reasons. I’ll list you the most common ones, but remember that you’ll only get this by practicing a lot. 😊

  • If followed by “-os”, “-nos”, the first person plural will lose the final “-s”.

Comamos + nos = Comámonos la fruta

Rogamos + os = Rogámoos (this was very used in old Spanish, so it’s good for you to know it if you have a high level and like reading Spanish books)

  • If followed by “-os”, the second person plural will lose the final “-d”, except for the verb “ir”:

Comed + os = Coméos la fruta

Id + os = Idos

I hope that you liked this post and that it’s been clear. I know this is very theoretic, that’s why you will find all week long some pictures on my Instagram profile to review and practice this, so if you don’t follow me yet, click here and follow me!

If you have any question about this, don’t hesitate to ask me. Remember that you can study Spanish online with me, you can ask for a 30 minutes free trial lesson, where we will get to know each other and start your Spanish adventure!

¡Hasta la próxima! 🙂

Direct Pronouns in Spanish

¡Hola a todos!

I’m back this week to talk about the object pronouns, specifically about direct object pronouns (Complemento Directo u Objeto Directo in Spanish).

Direct objects are those objects suffering the verb action in the sentence. If you know how to form a passive sentence, then the direct object will be the subject. They appear with transitive verbs, that is, verbs accepting direct objects. According to this, verbs like ir or enfermar can’t appear with a direct object.

Usually, the direct object will refer to a thing. Let’s see some examples:

He visto unos coches muy bonitos.

Voy a comprar esta agenda para mi clase de español.

You can always replace the direct object with a pronoun: lo, la, los, las. These pronouns must be the same genre and number than the object they are substituting. Let’s see the previous examples:

Los he visto.

La voy a comprar para mi clase de español.

As a general rule, the direct object doesn’t have preposition. But this is Spanish, and this is grammar, so there must be some exceptions. And here it is: when the direct object refers to a person, it will always be after the preposition a (also the pronouns). Let’s see some other examples:

Ayer conocí a Jorge. > Ayer lo conocí.

Sandra quiere a Eduardo. > Sandra lo quiere.

Voy a llamar a mi familia. > La voy a llamar.

There are also some verbs requiring the preposition a, even if it’s a direct object not referring to people, like sustituir a, preceder a or seguir a. For example:

Pablo sustituye a Pedro mientras está de vacaciones.

Los patitos siguen a su mamá.

I hope that you liked this post and that it’s been clear; next week I’ll talk about the indirect objects. You will find all week long some pictures on my Instagram profile to review and practice this, so if you don’t follow me yet, click here and follow me!

If you have any question about this, don’t hesitate to ask me. Remember that you can study Spanish online with me, you can ask for a 30 minutes free trial lesson, where we will get to know each other and start your Spanish adventure!

¡Hasta la próxima!