Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish

¡Hola a todos!

Last week I was talking about direct objects, and as I told you, this week I’ll keep going with grammar: indirect objects and indirect object pronouns.

Indirect objects refer to the person, animal or thing where ends the action of the main verb. Wait, what? Despacito, profesora. Alright, let’s see it with an example:

Voy a regalar un libro a mi madre.

In this sentence, we have two objects: direct (un libro) and indirect (a mi madre). We could perfectly say Voy a regular un libro, but we would be missing some information. Who are you giving the book to? That’s why we say that the action ends with the indirect object, because it fills the information that we need.

Indirect objects, as well as direct objects, can be substituted by a pronoun: le, les. It doesn’t make the difference between masculine or feminine, only singular and plural. So we could say:

Le voy a regalar un libro.

Usually, these objects can be identified by answering two questions: ¿a quién? or ¿para quién? They will always go after the prepositions a or para, and they can appear with both transitive and intransitive verbs.

Tengo una sorpresa para ti. (Transitive verb).

Me gusta el café. (Intransitive verb, as el café is the subject. Review this verb’s structure here.)


I hope that you liked this post and that it’s been clear; next week I’ll talk about how to substitute both direct and indirect objects in the same sentence. You will find all week long some pictures on my Instagram profile to review and practice this, so if you don’t follow me yet, click here and follow me!

If you have any question about this, don’t hesitate to ask me. Remember that you can study Spanish online with me, you can ask for a 30 minutes free trial lesson, where we will get to know each other and start your Spanish adventure!

¡Hasta la próxima!

Publicado en Grammar.

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