Direct Pronouns in Spanish

¡Hola a todos!

I’m back this week to talk about the object pronouns, specifically about direct object pronouns (Complemento Directo u Objeto Directo in Spanish).

Direct objects are those objects suffering the verb action in the sentence. If you know how to form a passive sentence, then the direct object will be the subject. They appear with transitive verbs, that is, verbs accepting direct objects. According to this, verbs like ir or enfermar can’t appear with a direct object.

Usually, the direct object will refer to a thing. Let’s see some examples:

He visto unos coches muy bonitos.

Voy a comprar esta agenda para mi clase de español.

You can always replace the direct object with a pronoun: lo, la, los, las. These pronouns must be the same genre and number than the object they are substituting. Let’s see the previous examples:

Los he visto.

La voy a comprar para mi clase de español.

As a general rule, the direct object doesn’t have preposition. But this is Spanish, and this is grammar, so there must be some exceptions. And here it is: when the direct object refers to a person, it will always be after the preposition a (also the pronouns). Let’s see some other examples:

Ayer conocí a Jorge. > Ayer lo conocí.

Sandra quiere a Eduardo. > Sandra lo quiere.

Voy a llamar a mi familia. > La voy a llamar.

There are also some verbs requiring the preposition a, even if it’s a direct object not referring to people, like sustituir a, preceder a or seguir a. For example:

Pablo sustituye a Pedro mientras está de vacaciones.

Los patitos siguen a su mamá.

I hope that you liked this post and that it’s been clear; next week I’ll talk about the indirect objects. You will find all week long some pictures on my Instagram profile to review and practice this, so if you don’t follow me yet, click here and follow me!

If you have any question about this, don’t hesitate to ask me. Remember that you can study Spanish online with me, you can ask for a 30 minutes free trial lesson, where we will get to know each other and start your Spanish adventure!

¡Hasta la próxima!

Publicado en Grammar.

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