Presente de Indicativo (Present Simple)

¡Hola a todos!

I’m going to start a series of Spanish tenses, and of course, the first one will be Presente de Indicativo, equivalent to Present Simple in English.

 

We use this tense for:

  • Actions happening now.

Leo un libro de Arturo Pérez-Reverte.

  • Regular actions.

Tengo clase de español los martes y los jueves.

  • Future actions.

A las siete jugamos un partido de fútbol.

  • Some past actions, mostly when narrating.

Estaba hablando con él y, de repente, suena mi canción preferida.

 

About the form, there are general rules, but there also are a lot of irregular verbs. We will start with the regular ones.

In Spanish, we divide verbs in three groups: first (-ar), second (-er) and third (-ir) conjugation. Every group has different endings, and every grammatical person must agree with the appropriate form. To do so, we must take the verb radical (verb without -ar, -er or -ir) and add the endings.

Let’s see the three regular conjugations with three example verbs:

Now, we start with the irregular verbs.

Some verbs suffer some changes on the vowels:

Some other verbs, add a “z” or a “y” when conjugating:

Other verbs only change the first person singular, and the rest will be regular:

About the reflexive verbs, you can read this post that I wrote some time ago.

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If you want to know more, send me a message and I’ll give you a 30 minutes free lesson!

¡Hasta la próxima! 😊

Publicado en Grammar.

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